Practice with Analysis
The following passages
are from Diana Hacker's The Bedford Handbook, 5th edition
and Douglas Walton's Informal Logic: A Handbook for Critical
Argumentation. Each of the passages contain fallacious reasoning.
Identify which fallacy is committed. Only one answer is correct
in each question.
1. Deaths from
drug overdoses in Metropolis have doubled in the past three
years. Therefore, more Americans than ever are dying from drug
2. Mary loves good
food; therefore, she will be an excellent chef.
3. Since Governor
Smith took office, unemployment of minorities in the state has
decreased by 7 percent. Governor Smith should be applauded for
reducing unemployment among minorities.
4. This progressive
proposal to build a large ski resort in the state park has been
carefully researched by Fidelity, the largest bank in the state;
furthermore, it is favored by a majority of local merchants.
The only opposition comes from narrow-minded, do-gooder environmentalists
who care more about trees than they do about people; one of
their leaders was actually arrested for disturbing the peace
several years ago.
5. This tooth is
badly decayed, but not beyond repair. I propose to replace the
decayed portion with a filling immediately.
6. The more you
study, the more you know. The more you know, the more you forget.
The more you forget, the less you know. So why study?
7. Either learn
how to program a computer or you won't be able to get a decent
job after college.