Tradition and Change: Enterprise-Based Training in Egypt
• CEOSS, P.O.Box 162-11811 Panorama-Cairo-Egypt
• NCNW ,53 Manial Street 6th floor, Cairo -Egypt
• USAID ,106 Kasr El Aini Street, Garden City, Cairo-Egypt.
Copyright: Coptic Evangelical Organization for Social Services
Disclaimers: “the presentation of data and the view expressed in this book represent the views of the authors and are not necessarily those of CEOSS, NCNW or USAID
Authors: Patrick Crump, John Grierson, Mamdouh Mortagi
Introduction: Ali Mohamed Nigm
Publication date: First edition January 2000 , 2000 copies
ISBN No : 977-213-526-4
Distributed by: Coptic Evangelical Organization for Social Service
Photographs: Milad Nageeb (pages 16-23 , 68-71). Other Photographs
(pages 72-75.) from Mubarak-Kohl Project
Desktop publishing: John Grierson, FTP International, Helsinki
Printed and Bound in Egypt by Ceio - Press, Cairo
TABLE of CONTENTS
About This Book iv
I. Unemployment, Development and Training Reform 1
Photographs: There are many forms EBT 16
II. Understanding Enterprise-Based Training (EBT) 24
III. Case Studies in Traditional and Modern Sector EBT
A. CEOSS’s EBT Program (EBTP) 46
B. Mubarakhl Project for Technical Education
Photographs: EBT in the EBTP and the MKPTE 68
IV. Designing for EBT: Policy and Practice 76
V. Glossary and References 102
Box 1 The Building Blocks of EBT 31
Box 2 Enterprise-based and Center-based Training
Box 3 EBT, Enterprise Networks and Mentoring 41
Box 4 CEOSS EBTP Outcomes 53
Box 5 Contrasting Characteristics (EBTP and the MBPTE) 63
Box 6 Common Characteristics (EBTP and the MBPTE) 64
Box 7 Important Determinants of Worker Training 79
Box 8 What’s True and Not True about TVET 80
Box 9 EBT Planning and Assessment Framework 93
Box 10 Apprenticeship Education Program (Giza) 96
Box 11 Institutional Roles and Responsibilities 100
ABOUT THIS BOOK
In his Introduction Au Mohamed Nigm makes the case for Enterprise-Based Training (EBT) as a useful and necessary response to two of Egypt’s most urgent challenges; reducing unemployment and developing the human resources needed to compete in global markets.
Chapter I summarizes the recent rapid changes in the Egyptian economy and gives an overview of progress towards economic restructuring. Particular reference is made to the slow pace of training reform, the need to create training “partnerships” and the need to make training systems more responsive to labor market signals.
Chapter II discusses the strengths and weaknesses of EBT in relation to two forms of EBT that are increasingly in evidence; training approaches based upon traditional apprenticeship and a uniquely Egyptian adaptation of the German “dual system”. Chapter II considers these and other innovations in terms of their development objectives and the characteristics of their target groups.
Chapter III presents two EBT cases studies. The first of these is the Enterprise-Based Training Program (EBTP) of the Coptic Evangelical Organization for Social Services (CEOSS), a community outreach program with a strong self-employment orientation. The principal focus of the EBTP is employment creation and poverty alleviation. The second case study is of the Mubarak-Kohl Project for Technical Education (MKPTE), a large- scale initiative introducing the German “dual system” of technical education into Egypt. The objective of the MKTPE is improved productivity and enhanced industrial competitiveness through high quality skills training.
Chapter IV offers practical guidance on EBT policy formulation and EBT program design for administrators, planners, trainers and development practitioners. Chapter IV includes a number of planning tools to help match training instruments with target groups and facilitate the formation of partnerships among training stakeholders.