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Research > Engendering Macroeconomics 

Engendering Macroeconomics

  An Overview

Research on gender and macroeconomics was initiated as part of the critique of structural adjustment and stabilization policies. These critiques in the 1980s and 1990s focused on demonstrating the gender-biased and anti-poor effects of such policies.
This focus has been broadened through the efforts of an International Working Group on Gender and Macroeconomics. This has brought together men and women economists in a joint effort to rethink various dimensions of macroeconomic analysis from a perspective that takes into account both gender inequality and the unpaid provision of care in households and communities. The first fruits of the research were produced as a special issue of World Development in November 1995. This volume focused on "Gender, Adjustment and Macroeconomics." A second volume, with the theme "Gender, Macroeconomics and Globalization" will be published as a special issue of World Development in early summer 2000.

The conceptual starting points for the new gender-aware approaches to macroeconomic analysis can be summarized in three main propositions (Cagatay, Elson and Grown 1995)
1. Though economic institutions may not be intrinsically gendered themselves, they bear and transmit gender biases. For instance, ‘free markets’ reflect and reinforce a number of important gender inequalities.
2. The cost of reproducing and maintaining the labour force in a given society remains invisible as long as the scope of economic activity does not include unpaid domestic work (often called ‘reproductive labour’ in the literature). This unpaid work needs to be made visible and the macro economy redefined to include it.
3. Gender relations play an important role in the division of labour, the distribution of employment, income, wealth and productive inputs with important macroeconomic implications.

Engendering Economics
Engendering Report WB
Gender and Governance in the Multilateral Trading
Good Governance; Guiding Principals for implementation
Empowerment and Governance through Information and Communication Technologies
Engendering Development and Democracy
Macroeconomics and Budgeting Principles – Applications to Gender
Engendering Macroeconomics and Macroeconomic Policies
Essays on Gender and Governance
Good Governance IMF Role
Women, Men and Economics

Macroeconomics and Macroeconomic Policy from a Gender Perspective
Women and Economic Development and Cooperation in APEC
Governance, Gender, Development Assistance and Migration
Macroeconomics and Budgeting Principles – Applications to Gender

Structural Adjustment



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