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Ashworth, G., 1996, "Gendered Governance: an Agenda for Change", Gender in Development Programme (GIDP), New York: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Alexander, P. and Baden, S., 2000, "Glossary on Macroeconomics from a Gender Perspective", BRIDGE Report No 47, Brighton: Institute of Development Studies

Asia Foundation, 1998, "A changing Asia: Women in Emerging Civil Societies", Transcript of the discussion from the Asia Foundation's Asian Perspectives Seminar Series, September 18, 1998, at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, D.C. Location: 


Abeyesekera, S., 1995, "Women's human rights: questions of equality and difference", Institute of Social Studies Working Paper Series, The Hague: Institute of Social Studies

Allan O. Millar, “Improving Compliance to the Gender-Respective Budgeting Policy in the Philippines: The Inside-Outside Model”

Baden, S., 1996, "Gender Issues in Financial Liberalization and Financial Sector Reform", Topic paper for Directorate General for Development, European Commission. BRIDGE Report No 39. Brighton: Institute of Development Studies

Baden, S., 1999, "Gender, Governance and the Feminization of Poverty", Background paper for UNDP Management and Development Division conference on: Women and Political Participation in the 21st Century, 24-26 March 1999, Delhi, India

Beall, J. 1995a. "In Sickness and in Health: Engendering Health Policy for Development", in Third World Planning Review, 12(2) May.

Beall, J. 1996. "Participation in the City: Where do Women Fit in ?", in Gender and Development, 4(1) February.
Beall, J., 1996, "Urban Governance: Why Gender Matters", Gender in Development Programme (GIDP), New York: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Beall, J, 2004, "Decentralization and Engendering Democracy: Lessons From Local Government Reform in South Africa", development research center, LSE, Working Paper no.54

Brown, Mark Malloch Women’s Political Participation and Good Governance: 21st Century Challenges New Delhi March 1999.

Bakker, I. (2002): “The Example of Gender Responsive Budget Initiatives for the Poverty Eradication and Democracy in the Developing World” Background paper for Human Development Report 2002 on Fiscal Policy, Accountability and Voice.

Buldender, D. (2002) “A Global Assessment of Gender Responsive Budget Initiatives” and “A Profile of Country Activities” pp. 83-164 in Gender Budgets Make Cents, Commonwealth Secretariat, Gender Affairs Department, London

Budlender, D., J. Hicks and L. Vetten (2002) South Africa: Expanding into Diverse Initiatives pp. 152-171, in Gender Budgets Make More Cents, Commonwealth Secretariat, Gender Affairs Department, London

Barry, J., Honour, T. and Palnitkar, S., 1998, "Women, Urban Governance and the Public Service Ethos", Crime, Law and Social Change, Vol 29 No 2-3: 251-72

Bureau for Development Policy (BDP), 1998, Tracking Gender Mainstreaming In MDGD Activities, New York: Management Development and Governance Division, Bureau for Development Policy
Location: URL:

Bakker, Isabella, Dr. (ed.), 1999, "Economics and Gender (Macro, Meso, Micro levels): Foundations and Tools", papers from a workshop on integrating gender issues in programme aid, sector investment programmes, market reform and forms of economic policy assistance, 6-7 May, Paris: Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) DAC Working Party on Gender Equality

Budlender, D. and Sharp, R. with Allen, K., 1998, How to do a Gender-Sensitive Budget Analysis: Contemporary Research and Practice, Canberra: Commonwealth Secretariat and Australian Agency for International Development; London: Commonwealth Secretariat, London

Budlender, D., 2001, "Review of gender budget initiatives, Community Agency for Social Enquiry"

Basu, A. (ed.), 1995, The Challenge of Local Feminisms: Women's Movements in Global Perspective, Boulder: Westview

Çagatay, N, D. Elson, and C. Grown (1995) “Introduction to Gender Adjustment and Macroeconomics”, World Development, Vol. 23, No. 11, pp. 1827-1836  Commonwealth Secretariat (2002) Gender Budgets Make Cents Debbie Budlender, Diane Elson, Guy Hewitt and Tanni Mukhopadhyay authors, London.

Commonwealth Secretariat, 1998, "A Report on Integrating Gender into the National Budget: a Commonwealth Initiative", for a South African Development Community (SADC) workshop in Zimbabwe, November 1998

Christine Musisi, Bermet Tugelbaeva, Leila Sydykova,2002, ”Gender and Governance IN THE KYRGYZ REPUBLIC”, UNDP Gender in Development Bureau

Development Studies Network, 2000, "Gender and Governance", Development Bulletin No 51, Canberra: Development Studies Network

Darity, W., 1995, "The Formal Structure of a Gender-Segregated, Low-income Economy", World Development, Vol 23 No 11

Demery, L., 1996, "Gender and Public Social Spending: Disaggregating Benefit Incidence", Poverty and Social Policy Department Discussion Paper, Washington D.C.: World Bank

Davison, J. and Strickland, R., 2000, "Leveling the Playing Field: Promoting Women's Economic Capabilities and Human Rights", International Center for Research on Women and the Center for Development and Population Activities

Dane Rowlands, Ann Weston, May 1998, "Governance, Gender, Development Assistance and Migration", Report for Citizenship and Immigration Canada

Elson, D. (2002a) “Integrating Gender into Government Budgets within a Context of Economic Reform”, in Gender Budgets Make Cents, Commonwealth Secretariat, Gender Affairs Department, London.

----------. (2002b) “Gender Responsive Budget Initiatives: Key Dimensions and Practical Examples" in Gender Budget Initiatives: Strategies, Concepts and Experiences, UNIFEM, NY. Elson, D., 1995, ‘Gender awareness in modeling structural adjustment’, World Development, Vol 23 No 11: 1851-68

Elson, D., 1997, "Gender-Neutral, Gender-Blind or Gender-Sensitive Budgets? Changing the Conceptual Framework to include Women’s Empowerment and the Economy of Care", Preparatory country mission to integrate gender into national budgetary policies and procedures, Commonwealth Secretariat, London

Elson, D., 1997, "Integrating Gender Issues into Public Expenditure: Six Tools’, University of Manchester, Graduate School of Social Sciences, GENECON Unit

Erturk, Y., and Kardam, N., "Expanding Gender Accountability: Women's Organizations and the State in Turkey", Monetary Institute of International Studies and Santo Domingo: the United Nations International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW) (draft)

Esther Breitenbach, 2003, Engendering Democracy: Women’s Organizations and their Influence on Policy Making within the devolved Administrations in Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales, A report of a seminar held on 5 December, 2003, Belfast University of Edinburgh/Queen’s University Belfast

GERA Programme, Demanding Dignity: Women Confronting Economic Reforms in Africa, edited by Joanna Kerr and Dzodzi Tsikata, NSI/TWN-Africa 2000.

Goetz, A.M., 1995, "The Politics of Integrating Gender to State Development Processes: Trends, Opportunities, and Constraints in Bangladesh, Chile, Mali, Morocco, and Uganda", UNRISD Occasional Paper No 2, Geneva: UNRISD

Goetz, A.M., 1996, "Disorganizing Gender: Women Development Agents in State and NGO Poverty Reduction Programmes in Bangladesh", in S. Rai and G. Skinner (eds), Women and the State: International Perspectives, London: Taylor and Francis

Goetz, A.M., 1999, "Lobbying for Economic Justice: Women’s Movements and the World Bank", in R. O’Brien, A. M. Goetz, J. Aart Scholte and M. Williams, Contesting Global Governance: Multilateral Economic Institutions and Global Social Movements, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Gallagher, A., 1997, "Ending the Marginalization: Strategies for Incorporating Women into the United Nations Human Rights System", Human Rights Quarterly, Vol 19 No2: 283-333

Gopal, G., 1999, "Gender-Related Legal Reform and Access to Economic Resources in Eastern Africa’, World Bank technical paper No 405, Washington, D.C.: World Bank

Georgina Ashworth, March 1996, "Gendered Governance: An Agenda for Change"

Heyzer, Noeleen "Globalization and Democratic Governance: A Gender Perspective" Himmelweit, S. (2002)“ Making Visible the Hidden Economy: The Case for Gender- Impact Analysis of Economic Policy”, Feminist Economics 8(1), pp 49–70.

Haddad, L., Brown, L., Richter, A., and Smith, L., 1995, "The Gender Dimensions of Economic Adjustment Policies: Potential Interactions and Evidence to Date", World Development Vol 23 No 6: 881-96

Humphries, J., and Rubery, J. (eds), 1995, The Economics of Equal Opportunities, Manchester: Equal Opportunities Commission

Houlihan, Carole (ed.), Collected works of Elson, Diane et al Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), 2000, "Gender and Economic Reform in Development Co-operation", DAC Working Party on Gender Equality, Paris

Hurt, K. and Budlender, D. (eds), 1998, Money Matters: Women and the Government Budget, Cape Town: Institute for Democracy in South Africa

Institute of Development Studies, 1993, "Good Government?", IDS Bulletin, Vol 24 No 1, Brighton: Institute of Development Studies

Institute of Development Studies, 1995, "Getting Institutions Right for Women in Development", IDS Bulletin Vol 26 No 3, Brighton: Institute of Development Studies

Inter-Parliamentary Council, 1998, "Parliamentary Action for National Follow-up to International Agreements and Treaties Regarding Women", 162nd session, Windhoek, 11 April 1998. Location: URL:

IMF, 1997, "The Role of the IMF in Governance Issues: Guidance Note" International Monetary Fund

Jain, D., 1996, Panchayat Raj: Women Changing Governance, Gender in Development Programme (GIDP), New York: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Kozyr, E. (2003) Summary of the Russian GRB initiative supported by the Open Society Institute presented at the Gender Budget Workshop, NEWW conference on Women and the Economy, Gdansk, April.

Kothari, U. and Valodia, I., 1998, "Gender, Governance and Policy: an Introduction", Journal of International Development, Vol 10 No 7: 927-8

Kardam, N., 1995, "Conditions of Accountability for Gender Policy: the Organizational, Political, and Cognitive Contexts", IDS Bulletin, Vol 26 No 3, Brighton: Institute of Development Studies

Kadros, N.K., 2000, "Turning a Rusty Wheel: Building Coalitions for Public Influence in Egypt", Washington D.C.: Asia Foundation

Lastarria-Cornhiel, S., 1997, "Impact of Privatization on Gender and Property Rights in Africa", World Development, Vol 25 No 8: 1317-33

Landsberg-Lewis, I., 1998, Bringing Equality Home: Implementing the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, UNIFEM

Lorraine Corner, "Women, Men and Economics the Gender Differentiated Impact of Macroeconomics" United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) Asia - Pacific Regional Office

Lorraine Corner, October 1998, “Women and Economic Development and Cooperation in APEC”, Prepared for the APEC Ministerial Meeting on Women October 15 -16, 1998, Makati, Philippines

Lorraine Corner, 1997, "Women's Participation in Decision-Making and Leadership A Global Perspective”, UNIFEM E&SEA, Bangkok

Meyer, Mary K. and Elisabeth Prugl, eds. Gender Politics in Global Governance Rowman & Littlefield New York 1999.

Meyer, M.K., Prugl, E. and Hernandez Truyol, B.E., 2000, "Gender Politics in Global Governance", American Journal of International Law, Vol 94 No 1: 209-11

Miller, C. and Razavi, S. (eds), 1998, Missions and Mandarins: Feminist Engagement with Development Institutions, London: Intermediate Technology Publications in association with the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development

Martha Nussbaum and Amrita Basu, “Gender and Governance”, Human Development Resource Centre, United Nations Development Programme, India, 2003

Maitrayee Mukhopadhyay, "Governing for Equity Gender, Citizenship and Governance", conference report 2003

Maria Nzomo, "Gender, Governance and Conflicts in Africa", DPMF Workshop and Conference Proceedings, CODESRIA, Dakar, Senegal

Mariama Williams, November 2002, “Gender and Governance in the Multilateral Trading System: Critical Areas of Decision-Making and Global Responses”, International Gender and Trade Network and DAWN

Nahla Abdo, “Engendering Compensation: Making Refugee Women Count!”, International Development Research Centre


OECD/DAC, 1995, Participatory Development and Good Governance, Paris: OECD OECD/DAC, 1997, Final Report of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Participatory Development and Good Governance, Paris: OECD

OECD (2002) "Strengthening Participation In Public Expenditure Management: Policy Recommendations For Key Stakeholders", Jeremy Heinmans, OECD Development Centre, Policy Brief No. 22

--------- (2001a) “OECD Best Practices for Budget Transparency”, Unclassified Document, PUMA/SBO(2000)6/FINAL

--------- (2001b) “A Gender Perspective On Budgeting -- Country Responses” Public management Service, Public Management Committee, Prepared for the 22nd Annual Meeting of Senior Budget Officials, Paris 211-22 May.

Ofei-Aboagye, E., 2000, Promoting the Participation of Women in Local Governance and Development: the Case of Ghana, European Centre for Development Policy Management

Oxfam GB, 2004, “Gender, Citizenship and Governance” , a global source book, The Netherlands

Philippe-Raynaud, F (2002) “The Yellow Budget Paper and Gender Equality in France” in Gender Budget Initiatives: Strategies, Concepts and Experiences, New York, p.136-139.
Palmer, I., 1995, ‘Public finance from a gender perspective’, World Development Vol
23 No 1: 1981-6

Peterson, V.S. and Sisson Runyan, A., 1993, "The politics of resistance: women as non state, antistate, and transstate actors", in Peterson and Runyan, Global Gender Issues, Colorado: Westview Press

Poe, S.C.; Wendel-Blunt, D. and Ho, K., 1997, "Global Patterns in the Achievement of Women's Human Rights to Equality", Human Rights Quarterly, Vol 19 No 4: 813-35

Randall, V. and Waylen, G. (eds), 1998, Gender, Politics, and the State, London: Routledge

Rama, M., 2001, The Gender Implications of Public Sector Downsizing: the Reform Program of Vietnam, Washington D.C.: World Bank

Rathgeber, E. M. and Ofwona Adera, E. (eds), 2000, Gender and the Information Revolution in Africa, Ottawa: International Development Research Centre (IDRC)

Roland Marchal , 2004, "Let’s talk about governance in Somalia", UNDOS

Sharp, R (2003) Budgeting for Equity, Gender Budget Initiatives within a framework of performance based budgeting, UNIFEM, NY.

-------- (2002) “Moving Forward: Multiple Strategies and Guiding Goals” in Gender Budget Initiatives: Strategies, Concepts and Experiences, UNIFEM, NY

Snyder, M., 1995, Transforming Development: Women, Poverty and Politics, New York: UNIFEM

Steans, J., 1998, "States, Nationalisms, and Gendered Identities", in J. Steans, Gender
and International Relations: an Introduction, Cambridge: Polity Press

Steans Vogel, U., 1998, "The State and the Making of Gender: Some Historical Legacies" in V. Randall and Georgina Waylen (eds), Gender, Politics, and the State,
London: Routledge

Shahra, R. and Miller, C., 1995, "Gender Mainstreaming: a Study of Efforts" by the UNDP, the World Bank, and the ILO to institutionalize gender issues', Geneva: UNRISD

Staudt, K., 1994, Getting Institutions Right: Crossing the Threshold to Mainstreaming Women, Geneva: UNRISD

Sen, G., 1996, "Gender, Markets and States: a Selective Review and Research Agenda",
World Development, Vol 25 No 5: 821-9

Sadasivam, B., 1997, "The Impact of Structural Adjustment on Women: a Governance and Human Rights Agenda", Human Rights Quarterly, Vol 19 No 3: 630-65

Shavitri Singh, “Engendering the Nepal National Population and Housing Census” 2001, UNIEFM

Tsikata (D.), in “Trade Liberalization in Africa: A Gender Analysis”, presentation at the GERA Programme Regional Workshop on “Gender, Trade and Development in Africa”, Accra, June-July 2001.

Itzin, C. and Newman, J. (eds), 1995, Gender, Culture, and Organizational Change, London: Routledge

Tremblay, R.C. and Kumtakar, P., 1998, "Governance and Representation: a Study of Women and Local Self-Government", Indian Journal of Public Administration, Vol XLIV No 3: 454-67

Tola Olu Pearce, August 2000, “Gender and Governance in Africa: a Conceptual Framework for Research and Policy Analysis and Monitoring”, The African Knowledge Networks Forum Preparatory Workshop, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

UNIFEM (2002), Gender Budget Initiatives: Strategies, Concepts and Experiences, New York.

USAID, 1995, "The Role of Women’s Participation in Economic Reform", prepared for the Meeting of the Special Programme of Assistance for Africa Working Group on Economic Reform in the Context of Political Liberalisation, November, Paris

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), 2000, Unveiling Women as Pillars of Peace: Peace Building in Communities Fractured by Conflict in Kenya. An interim report, New York: UNDP Location:

UNDP reports, "Women's Political Participation and Good Governance: 21st Century Challenges", 2000 by the United Nations Development Programme.


Vikas Nath,2001, “Empowerment and Governance through Information and Communication Technologies: Women’s Perspective”, London School of Economics Innovator

Waylen, G., 1998, "Gender and Governance: Democratic Consolidation and Economic Reform", Journal of International Development, Vol 10 No 7, 957-67

Waring, M (1994) Si las Mujeres Contaran:Una nueva Economía Feminista (If Women Counted: A new Feminist Economics), Vindicación Feminista, Madrid .Women’s Budget Group, Brochur

World Bank, 1994, "Development in Practice: Governance: the World Bank's Experience", Development in Practice, Operations Policy Department, Washington D.C.: World Bank

World Bank, 1995, Toward Gender Equality: the Role of Public Policy, Washington D.C.: World Bank

World Bank policy research report, “Engendering Development”, A co publication of the World Bank and Oxford University Press, January 2001



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